Tourism in Kavarna
Though structurally significant, tourism is traditional and still modestly based on the richness of nature – protected areas and localities, mineral springs, a unique coastline, preserved by overbuilding interventions, a favorable climate.
Cultural and historical heritage has the potential to be one of the factors specific to local development, contributing to employment, combining other economic activities supporting tourism as well as fisheries. There are findings from all historical layers since the Neolithic on the territory of the municipality. The Thracian, Roman, Byzantine and medieval times, as well as the Bulgarian Renaissance, have paved the way for culture and values. The high cultural and historical value of the unique cultural monuments is the subject of research and is essential for competitive tourism products.
The monuments of culture are located in 14 settlements in the municipality of Kavarna. The total number of sites protected by the Law on Monuments of Culture and Museums is 118, of which 67 are declared and 51 are announced. The cultural and historical heritage of the municipality includes mainly archaeological monuments of culture – 68 objects, ancient settlements, fortifications, mound necropolises, etc. The greater part of them – 51 sites, was announced in the 1960s. 40 sites have a category of “national importance” and others are of local importance. High concentration of archeological monuments of culture is located in: Balgarevo village, Kamen Briag village, Topola village and Kavarna city. Some examples:
- “Bison” – village from V century BC in the Chirakman district;
- Ancient and medieval fortress “Kaliakra” near Balgarevo village and its adjacent yard and aquatory – a remarkable natural site and a strong ensemble;
- Archaeological reserve in Yaylata area – a strong ensemble from I to VI, built on a naturally protected terrace by the sea;
- “Kovanlaka” locality – Proto-Bulgarian village from VIII-XI c. – Craft and pottery center – settlement and tombstones and medieval defensive shafts;
- “Tauk liman”locality – a remarkable natural phenomenon and remnants of fortresses;
- Hamam – a massive stone dome bathroom;
- Old harbor shops – warehouses for storing gathered foods from the Renaissance;
- Stone Bridge – built by local masters during the Renaissance, the only place in the region.
The architectural and cultural monuments are mainly found in the town of Kavarna from the period of the Bulgarian architecture after the Liberation, mainly residential and commercial buildings. Only 3 houses have been preserved since the Renaissance. A number of archaeological excavations are being conducted, and the finds of underwater expeditions provoke the attention of foreign scientists and specialists. For more than three consecutive years, studies in the region have been held together with French and Italian scholars.
The development of sustainable tourism is related to preservation and long-term preservation of natural, cultural and social resources and contribution in a positive and balanced way to the economic development and prosperity of people living, working or residing in the municipality.